Biloela Buffel Grass

Cenchrus ciliaris

  • Taller
  • Later maturing
  • More suited to heavier soils

    Download a copy of the Biloela Buffel Grass factsheet.


    Species origin:

    Africa and India

    Biloela Buffel Grass
    is taller and later maturing than the American and Gayndah varieties and is more suited to heavier soils. Buffel grass is the most widely planted sub-tropical grass on the fertile loams of central and northern parts of Australia.  It is a hardy, palatable and very productive grass that responds quickly to moisture and fertility.


    Plant characteristics:

    • Drought tolerance – regarded as most tolerant introduced grass in Australia
    • Persistent – a persistent, deep rooted and tufted perennial.
    • Adaptation – suited to tropical and semi-tropical conditions; quick to respond to light falls of rain, suited to 300mm – 900mm rainfall areas; difficult to establish on heavy clay soils and may not survive prolonged waterlogging.
    • Growth habit – although flower early, they will continue to produce new leaves and shoots during flowering.
    • Uses – grown mainly for grazing or erosion control and can withstand heavy grazing pressure; can cause ‘bighead’ in horses (due to high oxalate at certain stag of plant growth)


    Seed characteristics:

    Seeds are light and fluffy i.e. tends to adhere together – thus, coated seeds can provide better handling for seeding.  Bare seeds average at 500,000 seeds/kg.

    Seed dormancy can occur, especially in freshly harvested seeds.


    Seeding Rate:

    • Bare seed at 1-4kg/ha
    • Coated seeds at 2-8kg/ha
    Tropical Grass

    Any warm-season grass including species such as Paspalum, Rhodes grass, Digit grass, Panic grass, Kikuyu, Setaria etc.